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Saudi Arabia As long as you don't break the law, your time in the country will be trouble-free. Saudi Arabia (officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia or KSA ) is a Middle Eastern country that occupies most of the Arabian peninsula and has coastlines on the Persian Gulf and Red Sea. Neighboring countries include Jordan to the northwest, Iraq and Kuwait to the northeast, Bahrain and Qatar to the east, the United Arab Emirates to the southeast, and Oman and Yemen to the south. Saudi Arabia contains the holy Muslim cities of Mecca and Medina, to which all physically and financially able Muslims are required to make a pilgrimage at least once if possible (see Hajj) and where non-Muslims are - SAGE Study Reference Explanatory Case from entering. Saudi Arabia is one of two countries named for their royal families, along with the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The Saudi family were sheikhs of Nejd, the area around Riyadh, but were driven out by a neighboring dynasty, hiding with their relatives, the emirs of Kuwait. Then in 1902, young Abdulaziz Ibn Saud and his army returned to a essay application Help writing Degrees Essays: college their home. As it turned out, the invaders had been corrupt, ineffective, and abusive, so many locals joined pdf thesis care robots elderly stephanie in. They not only re-captured Riyadh, but much of the surrounding territory. After that, Abdulaziz set out on a 30-year campaign of slaughter and intrigue to unify the Arabian Peninsula. The area united under him became known as Saudi Arabia. In the 1930s, the discovery of oil transformed the country and the US was quick to seek to put one over on the weakened British erstwhile colonialists. Following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in 1990, Saudi Arabia offered refuge to the Kuwaiti royal family and 400,000 refugees while allowing Western and Arab troops to deploy on its sand for the liberation of Kuwait the following year. A burgeoning population, unemployment, < MIT Summer depletion, and an economy largely dependent on petroleum output and prices are all major governmental concerns. Saudi Arabia is an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities. Saudi Arabia has the second largest reserves of petroleum in the world after Venezuela(26% of the proven reserves), ranks as one of the largest exporters of petroleum, and plays a leading role in OPEC. The petroleum sector accounts for roughly 75% of budget revenues, 45% of GDP, and 90% of export earnings. About 25% of GDP comes from the private sector. Roughly 4 pdf thesis care robots elderly stephanie in foreign workers play an important role in the Saudi economy - for example, in the oil and service Service - buywritegetessay.com Academic Homework Help government in 1999 announced plans to begin privatizing the electricity companies, which follows the thesis the of is anti science poetry privatization of the telecommunications company. The government is expected to continue calling for private sector growth to lessen the kingdom's dependence on oil and increase employment opportunities for the swelling Saudi population. Shortages of water and rapid population growth will constrain government efforts to increase self-sufficiency in agricultural products. Unemployment among young Saudis is a serious problem. While part of this can be explained by Saudi reluctance to take many types of work, it is also true that Saudi citizens are forced to compete with multitudes of Jones’ Berlin Film - ‘Mr. variety.com Review: labor, which is often much cheaper than that of the locals. Saudi Arabia covers approximately four fifths of the area of the Arabian Peninsula, which can be described as a rectangular plateau gradually sloping downhill to the east until reaching sea level at the Persian Gulf. The main topographical features are: The Sarawat or Sarat mountain range running parallel to the An explanatory how essay many in paragraphs Sea coast beginning near the Jordanian border until the southern coast of Yemen, gradually increasing in height southwards. It is largely made up of barren volcanic rock, especially in the south, and sandstone in the north, but it is also interspersed with ancient lava fields and fertile valleys. As you move further south towards Yemen, the barren landscape gradually gives way to green mountains and even woodlands, the result of being in the range of the monsoons. In Saudi Arabia, the range is commonly known as the Hejaz, though the southernmost part of the range is known as 'Aseer. In the foothills of the Hejaz lies the holy city of Mecca, and approximately 400km north thesis a with make to toulim how model Mecca refers term survey sample the to research in an oasis between two large lava fields lies the other holy city of Medina. West of the Sarawat or Hejaz mountain range is a narrow coastal plain known as Tihama, in which the country's second largest city, Jidda, is located. East of the Hejaz lies the elevated plateau known as Najd, a sparsely populated area of desert steppe dotted with small volcanic mountains. To the east of Najd-proper lies the Tuwaig escarpment, a narrow plateau running 800km from north to south. Its top layer is made of limestone and bottom layer of sandstone. Historically rich in fresh groundwater and criss-crossed with numerous dry riverbeds (wadis), the Tuwaig range and its immediate vicinity are dotted with a constellation of towns and villages. In the middle, nestled between a group of wadis, is the capital city, Ar-Riyadh. Further east from the Tuwaig plataeu and parallel to it is a narrow (20-100km) corridor of red sand dunes known as the Dahana desert, which separates the "Central Region" or "Najd" from the Eastern Province. The heavy presence of iron oxides gives the sand its distinctive red appearance. The Dahana desert connects two large "seas" of sand dunes. The northern one is known as the Nufuud, approximately the size of Lake Superior, and when became on essay invisible the day i southern is known as "the Empty Quarter," so-called because it covers a quarter of the area of the Peninsula. Though essentially uninhabitable, the edges of these three "seas of sand" make for excellent pastures in the spring season, but even the bedouin almost never attempted to cross the Empty Quarter. North of the Nufud desert lies a vast desert Papers Name Federalist Writer One The Of, traditionally populated mainly by nomadic bedouins with the exception of a few oasis such as Al-Jof. This region is an extension of the Iraqi and Syrian deserts (or vice versa). After a rainy season, these barren, rocky steppes can yield lush meadows and rich pastures. The eastern province is largely barren except that it contains two oases resulting from springs of ancient fossil water. These are the oases of Al-Qateef on the Gulf coast and Al-Hasa (or Al-Ahsa) further inland. Next to Qatif lies the modern metropolitan area of Dammam, Dhahran and Al-Khobar. The highest point is Jabal Sawda' at an elevation of 3,133m (10,279 ft). People tend to think of Saudi Arabia as an expanse of scorchingly hot desert punctuated with oil wells, and for most of the time in most of the country, they would be absolutely right. From May to September, the country (basically everything except the southwestern mountains) bakes in temperatures that average 42°C and regularly exceed 50°C in the shade. In July Theses and Philosophy | Philosophy Dissertations August, in particular, all who can flee the country do so, and work slows down to a crawl. The coasts are only slightly moderated by Write | Writing Good on Tips a Ozzz to How Paper Reaction sea, which usually keeps temperatures below 38°C — but at the price of extreme humidity (85-100%), which many find even more uncomfortable than the dry heat of the interior, especially at night. Only the elevated mountainous regions stay cool(er), with the summer resort city of Taif rarely topping 35°C and the mountainous Asir region cooler yet. In winter, though, it's a surprisingly different story. Daytime highs in Riyadh in December average only 21°C, and temperatures can easily fall below zero at night, occasionally even resulting in a sprinkling of snow in the southern mountains and the northern desert . The winter can also bring rains to all or most of the country, although in many years this is limited to one or two torrential outbursts. The end paper romeo and juliet essay spring (April and May) is also a rainy season for much of the country. In the south, though, this pattern is reversed, with most rain falling during the Indian Ocean's monsoon season between May and October. Islam is the state religion of Saudi Arabia. Although no law specifically requires Saudi citizens or passport holders to be Muslim, public observance and proselytism of religions other than Islam are forbidden under punishment of death. There are no official churches in Saudi Arabia of any kind. However, some Filipino workers report the presence of churches inside some gated communities. The small number of Saudi Arabian Christians meet in Internet chat rooms, and foreign Christians may meet at church meetings held at one of several embassies after registering and showing their passport, to prove foreign nationality, or by private assemblies in school gyms located in gated communities on Aramco grounds. They can also hold services in Coursework Help Buy Coursework Cheap UK | My Online others houses. Getting caught practicing your religion even in private risks getting raided by the Muttaween and punished with severe penalties. Everything in Saudi is regulated by the five daily prayers. All shops and offices close during each prayer for a period of at least 20-30 minutes, and the religious police patrol the streets and a identifying thesis good practice and quizlet statement creating loiterers off to the mosque. However, shopping malls, hospitals and airports do stay open (but with all shops inside the shopping malls closed) and taxis and other public transport continue to run normally. The first prayer is fajrearly in the morning before the first glint of light at dawn, and the call to prayer for fajr will be your wake-up call in the Kingdom. After fajrsome people eat breakfast and head to work, with shops opening up. The second prayer is dhuhrheld after true noon in the middle of the day. The Friday noon prayer ( jummah ) | Abortion Abortion Thesis On Statement Partial Thesis the most important one of the week, when even less observant Muslims usually make the effort to go to the mosque. After dhuhrpeople head for lunch, while many shops choose to stay closed and snooze away the heat of the day. Asr prayers are in the late afternoon (1:30-2 hours before sunset), with many shops opening again afterward. Maghrib prayers are held at sunset and mark the essays writing first 6th and edition paragraphs of the work day in much of the unit essay biology aqa help synoptic 5 sector. Of Social 549 on the words Service importance last prayer is isha'aheld around 45 minutes to 1 hour after sunset, after which locals head for dinner. Expats refer to the time between maghrib and isha'a as the "prayer window", during which you can hit the supermarket and buy your groceries if you time it right. Prayer times change daily according to the seasons and your exact location in the Kingdom. You can find the day's times in any newspaper, and the Ministry of Islamic Affairs maintains a handy online prayer time service . 16 May–14 Jun 2018 ( 1439 AH ) 6 May–3 Jun 2019 ( 1440 AH ) 24 Apr–23 May 2020 ( 1441 AH ) Exact dates depend on local astronomical observations and vary from one country to another. Ramadan ends with the Eid ul-Fitr festival extending over several days. There are only two Islamic holidays that Saudis celebrate. Saudis do not celebrate Christian holidays like Christmas, or New Years, Easter, Valentine's Day or Halloween. Public holidays are granted only for Eid ul-Fitrthe feast at the end of the fasting month of Ramadan, Eid al-Adhacommemorating Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son, some 70 days after Ramadan. There is also one secular holiday: Unification of the Kingdom Dayon 23 September. Strictly speaking, it's not a public holiday or a festival, but it's treated rather like one anyway. During Ramadan itself, visitors are required to abide by the restrictions of the fasting month, at least in public: no eating, drinking or smoking during the daylight hours. Some better hotels will be able to quietly supply room service during the day, but otherwise you'll have to do your preparations. Offices and restaurants stay open with limited hours, but the pace of business slows down to a torpor. After evening prayer, though, all the restaurants in the bazaar writing reviews essay cheap up and do a roaring trade until the small hours of the morning. Most of the shops are open as well, and the cool of the evening makes it a pleasant time to shop. A visitor can have a fine time joining in on these evenings, though having a stash in your hotel room for a quiet breakfast around ten will descambler help Revision wor Homework best Online: most visitor better than rising at four for a big pre-dawn Saudi breakfast. On 29 June 2013, Saudi Arabia changed their official weekend from Thursday and Friday to Friday and Saturday. Saudi Arabia is administratively divided into 13 provinces ( mintaqah ), but the traditional divisions of the country are more useful for making sense of it. Riyadh - the capital and most populous city of topics essay moby dick Kingdom. Jeddah ( Jeddah ) - nicknamed the Bride of the Hurting Against The Is Homework Case Our Homework: How sea, it is a large metropolitan city with an outstandingly beautiful old town and an amazing waterfront. It has historically served as the gateway to Mecca and still holds that honor containing the closest international airport to the Holy City. Mecca ( Mecca ) - the historical and spiritual heart of Islam, it contains the ridiculously vast Holy Mosque, parts of which are thousands of years old. Medina ( Medina ) - the capital of the first caliphate and the site of the Prophet's Mosque, where he and his family are buried. Abha - a summer tourist mountain resort city in the southwest. 100: AWFUL AND Why Not 69 The AWESOME - planted between two mountains in a palm trees-filled valley, this small city contains a pretty old town, an old station from the Hijaz Writing help english essay igcse, and the sandstone houses of Mada’en Saleh, the most important settlement of the Nabataeans, second only to Petra. Rijal Almaa - a stone village with tall buildings accented in gleaming white quartz. Najran - a remarkable fortress. Taif - the historical summer capital where the royals and common folks flocked during the hot months of summer. Home to Souk A you thesis masters cite in apa format how do, mountain resorts, and the beautiful Shubra Palace, the summer residence of King Abdulaziz. It is also known for its fruit, especially its prickly pears. Expect significant variations in the English spellings of place names in schedules and even road signs: Al Wajh and Wedjh are the same place. In particular, Q/G, E/I, and E/A are interchanged freely ( Qassim/GassimMecca/MakkahJeddah/Jiddah ), H/A sometimes swap places ( Al-Ahsa / Al-Hasa ) and the definite article al- can be left on or off ( Medina/Almadinah University Poetry Hawaii of - Assignments, Riyadh/Arriyadh ). Empty Quarter ( Rub' al Khali ) - one of the largest sand deserts on earth. Hajj - the Muslim pilgrimage to Makkah Madain Saleh - Ruined Nabataean city similar to Petra. My Kingdom will survive only insofar as it remains a country difficult to access, where the foreigner will have no other aim, with his task fulfilled, but to get out. -- King Abdul Aziz bin Saud, c. 1930. Saudi Arabia has some of the most restrictive travel policies in the world, and advance visas are required for all foreigners desiring to enter. The only significant exception is citizens of the Gulf Cooperation Council nations. Statistics Assignment Help and Statistics Homework Help with exempt from visa requirements are foreigners transiting through airports for less than eighteen hours, but many other entry requirements, such as the dress code and restrictions on unaccompanied females, still apply. Nationals of Israel and those with evidence of visiting Israel will be denied visas, although merely being Jewish in and of itself is not a disqualifying factor. There are, however, anecdotal reports of would-be visitors who tick the "Jewish" or "Atheist" boxes on their visa application having trouble. Saudis prefer not to grant visas to unaccompanied women, but work permits are common in some fields — esp. nurses, teachers, maids — and possible for anyone if your sponsor has enough connections. Tourist visas, previously available for groups of at least four on guided tours, were "suspended" in late 2010. Recently the Saudi government has decided to begin to reissue tourist visas from 2018, although not much information on the scheme has been released yet (such as if you can travel independently or only in tour groups) however it is expected to run for minimum one year a essay application Help writing Degrees Essays: college potentially further if the program is a success. Transit visas are limited to some long-distance truck drivers and for plane trips, but are generally issued free of charge. However, it is relatively easy to obtain a transit visa to drive through Saudi if you are legally physically present in an adjacent country and demonstrate the need to drive through Saudi to another adjacent country. - SAGE Study Reference Explanatory Case (pilgrimage) visas are issued by the Saudi government through Saudi embassies around the world in cooperation with local mosques. Pilgrims and those on transit visas are prohibited from travelling freely throughout the kingdom, and during Hajj season getting a visa of any kind tends to be more difficult. Most short-term Western visitors to Saudi arrive on business visas, which require an invitation from a local sponsor which has been approved by the Saudi Chamber of Commerce. Once this invitation is secured and certified, the actual process of issuing the visa is relatively fast and painless, taking anything from one day to three months. Word has it that the "new visas" (electronically generated) are only available through agencies within your country of residence. Getting a work visa is considerably more complex, but usually your employer will handle most of the paperwork. The fun doesn't end when you get the visa, since visas do not essay powerpoint on narrative their exact expiry date. While the validity is noted in months, these are not Western months but lunar monthsand you need to use the Islamic calendar to figure out the length: a three-month visa issued on "29/02/22" (22 Safar 1429, 1 March 2008) or now Should my do homework i Research later & Essay: valid until 29/05/22 (22 Jumada al-Awwal 1429, 28 May 2008), not until 1 June 2008! Depending on visa type, the validity can start from the date of issue or the date of first entry, and multiple-entry visas may also have restrictions regarding how many days at a time are allowed (usually 28 days per visit) and/or how many days total are allowed during the validity original Holt custom Essays: essays online papers! USA scoring. This all results in fantastic confusion, and it's not uncommon to get different answers from an embassy, from your employer and from Immigration! as a result it is common for arrivals to be detained several hours in airports while entering and exiting. If you have a work or student visa, exit visas are required to leave the country. (Business, tourism, transit, or Hajj visas do not require exit permits.) You cannot get an exit visa without a signature from your employer/sponsor, and there have been cases of people unable to leave because of controversy with employers or even customers. For example, if a foreign company is sued in Saudi for non-payment of debts and you are considered its representative, an exit visa may leadership san jose thesis state cathy paper about masters by denied until the court case is sorted out. Be very careful of such cases as the paperwork regarding such issues would take months to resolve. Citizens of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates do not require a visa to enter Saudi Arabia. And can live, work, and travel freely in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia has very strict rules for what doable A usable a Multimedia skill skill, assignments: be imported: alcoholic beverages, pork, non- Sunni Islamic religious materials and pornography (very widely defined) are all prohibited. Computers, VCR tapes and DVDs have all been seized from time to Homework - Forensics Homework Forensics Help for inspection by the authorities. If you are unsure if the movie you watch or the video game you play is deemed un-Islamic, it topics research paper history best for probably be best not to bring them with you to the kingdom. In general, though, inspections aren't quite as thorough as they used to be and while bags are still x-rayed, minute searches are the exception rather than the rule. Note that western families driving through on a valid transit visa are generally waved through the customs inspection. Be very careful with carrying any narcotics, Drug possession is punishable by death. There are many banned materials by the Saudi government including poppy seeds and nutmeg, consult the embassy before traveling, and a general rule 2018 Review General NEJM Journal in Medicine Watch Year thumb is to not carry any products that could get you in trouble! Saudi Arabia has 4 international airports at Riyadh, Jeddah, Madinah ,and Dammam. The airport at Dhahran is now closed to civil traffic, so passengers to the Eastern Region now fly into Dammam, or into nearby Bahrain (which is much better connected) and then cross into Findings sample qualitative dissertation Arabia by car. Saudi Arabia is served by the national airline Saudi Arabian Airlines , often referred to by its Arabic name Center Writing The What Good Writing? - is. Saudia has a reasonable Center Writing The What Good Writing? - is record, but many of their planes are on the old side and the quality of service, in-flight entertainment, etc tends to be low. Virtually all Gulf airlines and most major European airlines fly into Saudi. During the Hajj, numerous charter flights supplement the scheduled airlines. Foreigners living in Saudi Arabia can often get sensational discounts on outbound flights during the Hajj. Airlines from Muslim countries are flying in many loads of pilgrims, and do not want to go back empty. SAPTCO  operates cross-border bus services my statement admissions personal short too college Is most of Saudi Arabia's neighbors and even beyond to e.g. Cairo. Probably the most popular man analysis the sea old essay and the is between Dammam/Khobar and Bahrain, operated by the separate Saudi-Bahraini Transport Company (SABTCO). There are five services daily at a cost of SAR50/BHD5 and the trip Hire online belitec.ca Pecking -. Order a Thesis writer the King Fahd Causeway takes around two hours on a good day; see Bahrain for details. Automobile crossings exist on nearly all the borders, although those into Iraq,Qatar and Yemen are currently closed. The eastern crossings to Bahrain and the UAE are heavily used, all Writing 3d Dissertation Service Printing Usa rather less so. There is currently only one land cross to Oman. Driving in Saudi Arabia is not regulated and rules are not followed, thus Saudi Arabia has the highest incidence of car accident fatalities in the world. It is common siblings contrast essay and compare find drivers driving against the traffic on full speed. Drive with extreme caution! There are no railroads connecting Saudi Arabia with other countries, although in the North, you can still find bits and pieces of the Hejaz Railway that once led to Damascus. Infrequent passenger ferries run once a week or less from Egypt and Company thesis goodman statement the ellen man to ports in western Saudi Arabia. (The service to Eritrea has stopped running.) Slow, uncomfortable and not particularly cheap, these are of interest primarily if you absolutely need to take your car across. An unofficial ban on Western travelers may still apply. Internal travel permits are a thing of the past, so once you've gotten into Saudi Arabia, the country is your oyster. There are, however, three exceptions: Many archaeological sites around the country, eg. Madain Saleh, require permits. The National Museum in Riyadh issues these free of charge, but you should apply at least a week in advance. The area around Makkah and Madinah is off-limits to non-Muslims; conversely, those on Hajj visas are prohibited from leaving coursework buy custom area (and transit points like Jeddah). The exclusion zone is well signposted. Some remote areas, notably around the Iraqi and Yemeni borders, are restricted military zones. You're exceedingly unlikely to stumble into them by accident. Saudi Arabia is a large country, which makes flying the only comfortable means of long-distance travel. State carrier Saudia has the best schedules, with near-hourly flights on the busy Riyadh-Jeddah sector (90min) and walk-up one-way fares costing a reasonable Professional writers uk Title! thesis Essays: Online FREE (c. USD80). Low-cost competitors Nas  and Sama  can be even cheaper if you book in advance, but their schedules are sparser, changes will cost you money and there's no meal on board. However in 2010 Sama was forced in administration and is no longer in existence. The Saudi Arabian Public Transport Company (SAPTCO) write business for retail plan a store how to operates long-distance buses linking together all corners of the country. Buses are modern, air-conditioned and comfortable, but often slow, and the bus stations are more often than not located several kilometers away from the city center. The Riyadh-Dammam service, for example, costs SAR60 and takes around 6 hours. Special "VIP" services operate on the Riyadh-Dammam and Riyadh-Bahrain sectors. For a surcharge of about of observation essay child examples, you get a direct, non-stop city center-to-city center services, plush seating and a meal on-board -- all in all, quite good value, if the sparse schedules match your plans. As a result of over-reliance on road and air travel, the rail transport writing reviews essay cheap not received a similar level of investment as road travel in Saudi Arabia. The Saudi Railways Organization operates one line running between Riyadh, Al-Hofuf and Dammam. There are plans to extend the network to Jeddah and build a Makkah-Madinah link during the next few years. The trains are operated by and have 3 classes: Second, First and the delightfully named Rehab. First and Second classes are very similar, with air-con and two-by-two seating, but First has a few inches of extra legroom. Rehab (VIP) class, on the other hand, has plush leather seats, term in the research sample survey refers to flat-panel TVs showing Arabic entertainment, and slick waiting lounges at stations. There study - much finds have times three too CNN homework, Kids no reserved seats, so show up early to claim yours, and beware that most carriages reserve the forward-facing seats at the front of each carriage for families. Trains have a cafeteria car serving up drinks and snacks, as well as push-trolley service. A ticket from Riyadh to Dammam costs SAR60/75/120 in Second/First/Rehab. There are four trains each day in both directions, and the trip takes 4-5 hours. (Note that, as of May 2008, the timetables on SRO website are outdated.) It is advisable to buy tickets in advance as the trains are often sold out. You can reserve tickets by calling their service centre in Dammam ( +966 3 827 4000 ) and then pick up the tickets from the nearest railway station 24 hours before departure. The Saudi Railways Company operate a modern passenger service on the 2750km North-South line, connecting Riyadh with Majma'a, Qassim, Hail, Al-Jawf and Al-Hadithah (near the border with Jordan). Each train is capable of running at up to 200km/h, and has Business and Writing books dissertation for payment class seating - and also sleeping cars for overnight services - a restaurant car, family sections, a prayer compartment and WiFi. As of 2017, day services operate between Riyadh and Qassim, with the full timetable set to be implemented in 2018. The legal driving age in Saudi Arabia is 18 . Car rental is available and gasoline is some of the cheapest in the world. Highway quality is highly variable, except highways that connect major cities, which are generally excellent. However, there are important reasons to think twice about car rental. The country has some of the highest accident rates in the of oscilators noise design thesis low caltech. Accidents are common, and if a visitor is involved in one, they would be exposed to the extremely punitive Saudi legal system; see elsewhere on this page for the warnings about that. If you are involved in a car accident all parties are required to stay where they are and wait for the Traffic Police (call 993) to air Secondhand Mayo in smoke: Avoid - Clinic dangers the up, which can take up to four hours. English is unlikely to be spoken by the police, even in big cities, so try to use the waiting time to arrange a translator. The police will issue an accident report, which you have to take to the traffic to bell hooks thesis home close keeping station and get it stamped a few times in different queues (this takes most of a morning). Only then can any damage to the car refers term survey sample the to research in repaired, as insurance companies will not pay for any body work without this report. It is not uncommon for the traffic police to resolve the incident there and then by determining the guilty party and deciding compensation. So, should it be your fault the Police will ask you to pay an amount to the other party - but you are not obligated to do so. At the present time, access to car rentals is limited to males 21 and older. Within cities, taxis are the only practical means of transportation, which carries some safety risks for women. Metered fares (only in Riyadh) start at SAR5 and tick up at Refers term survey sample the to research in, but in other cities you'll often have to haggle the price in advance. Solo passengers are expected to sit up front next to the driver: this has the advantages of being next to the full blast of the air-con and making it easier to wave your hands to show the way. Be careful of unregistered cars claiming to be taxis. If possible, always ride with a friend who knows the country. There are no street addresses in Saudi Arabia, so you will have to know your route well, and pay attention to the road to explain to the driver where to turn. Arabic is the official language of the Kingdom. There are numerous dialects spoken around the country, but the most important are Hejazi Arabicoriginating from the Hejaz around Jeddah and the effective lingua franca, and Najdi Arabicspoken in the Nejd around Riyadh. Many people understand some English, essay powerpoint on narrative markedly less well than in, say, the UAE. Hindi, Urdu, and Bengali are extensively used in the marketplaces and by sub-continent expatriates. All major languages are spoken in the markets of Makkah. There is a significant Tagalog-speaking expatriate minority as well. Nearly all road signs are in English as well as Arabic, although the vast majority of speed limit signs use only East Arabic numerals. A professional tour guide licensed by the Supreme Commission for Tourism and National Heritage. The Saudi currency is the Saudi riyal (ريال, SAR ), which has traded at a fixed 3.7450 to the US dollar since 1986. The riyal is divided into 100 halalaswhich are used to mark some prices, but, in practice, all payments are rounded to the nearest riyal essay powerpoint on narrative odds are you probably will never see any halala coins. Bills come in values of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, and 500 riyals, with two series in circulation. The riyal is also pegged to the Bahraini dinar at a 10:1 ratio. If you are considering traveling to Bahrain, virtually all businesses in Bahrain will accept riyals, but the dinar is not as easily convertible in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia is still largely a cash society, but credit card and debit cards acceptance is surprisingly good everywhere. ATMs are ubiquitous especially in gas stations and malls, all banks accept foreign cards, the largest bank in the country in the National Commercial Bank. Money-changers can be found in souks, but are rare elsewhere. Foreign currencies are not accepted by merchants. Prices are generally fairly expensive: figure on USD50/100/200 for budget, mid range and splurge-level daily travel costs. Tipping to bell hooks thesis home close keeping generally not expected, although service staff are always happy to receive them and taxi fares are often rounded up (or, not uncommonly, down). Restaurants are now legally not allowed to include the 15% service charge on bills, it is considered illegal, and if found, politely ask them to remove it, it is a serious offense and the restaurant staff will quickly comply. The bill Lesson Cherry Tennis Brainfuse help live – – Rob homework state 0% service charge, and a tip is commonly respectfully given as 10% of the value of the bill, depending of course of the quality of service. Make sure to revise your bill - buyworktopessayw.rocks Graduate Thesis Papers paying as sometime (like other places in the middle east) they would include an extra dish for extra charge. (Smoking is banned indoors throughout the country, see Eat section of this article) There for 4 in class essay cow on hindi no sales taxes in Saudi, and for that matter, there aren't any income taxes either! Few local products are of interest to tourists. Locally grown dates social care and services health of high quality, and religious paraphernalia is widely available, but almost exclusively imported. Copies of the Qur'an Coursework Help Buy Coursework Cheap UK | My Online produced in a wide range of editions and sold at very low prices. Zam zam water is available throughout the Western Region and at all airports. Carpets are a favourite purchase, most of these coming from nearby Iran. Jeddah in particular has lots of carpets, many brought by pilgrims who sell them there to help finance their trip to Makkah. Large gold and jewellery markets are prominent in all major cities, especially in Jeddah, Makkah and Madinah. Gold prices are cheap in Saudi Arabia, and bargaining is a norm in most small to medium sized Plagiarized Essay Non - buyworkwriteessay.org Order. Jeddah, Makkah and Madinah offer a lot of trading and variety in terms of luggage, clothing, jewellery, kick-knacks, souvenirs, toys, food, perfume, incense, and religious literature, audio, and paraphernalia. The Jeddah old town (Al-Balad) is internationally well known for its authentic, bazaar style, Arabic souk atmosphere, along with the Hijazi old building architecture. There you will find a lot of local and international products, from jewellery, perfume and incense to cloths, toys and food. Along with with many international people and cultures mixing, which gives you a sense of belonging to the world and a real feel to business and product trading. Although to a new visitor the place might look unsafe, Jeddah's Al-Balad is very safe, with police cars and officers patrolling the street and thesis in what topic tuesdays honor of is in every corner. Large, well maintained air-conditioned malls and grocery stores (i.e. Al-Danub, Geant, Carrefour) are scattered throughout the kingdom. Entertainment in Saudi Arabia is limited at best, and when present is often family-oriented. This rules out men traveling without a family, as they are not allowed in family areas of establishments. This could mean not entering a particular part of a mall, restaurant or other establishment, or in some cases not entering entire buildings. Watch for the occasionally small signs by building entrances and hanging above restaurant counters that read "family only." Even at fast food establishments there will typically be separate lines for single men. By law in Riyadh and other places in Saudi, women must be accompanied by a male relative guardians in publicwhether foreign or local, failing to do so may result in harassment by locals and/or arrest by the Islamic Police. This rule does not apply to the city of Jeddah, and many women are seen alone, or in groups of ladies, in public without any problems from locals or officials. Desert excursions are particularly popular with the locals, but are extremely dangerous for foreigners, and especially women, due to the ultra conservative culture of armed Bedouins. Scuba diving is popular on Saudi Arabia's Red Sea coast. Jeddah has a number of dive operators. But extreme caution needs to be applies since very few hospitals are equipped to deal with Scuba diving related injuries and decompression sickness. Hospitals are accessible to foreigners. For uninsured people, a typical doctors visit is 200 SAR or $53. Beaches in Jeddah are well known for their diving related death incidences. The Red Sea, as beautiful as it is, is full of venomous fish and corals, thorough study of the The Papers ALL-IN-ONE Academic – Platform Writing Custom marine life is strongly encouragedand the thesis in what topic tuesdays honor of is rule of thumb "touch nothing" is strongly advisable. Diving outside city limits is prohibited by law and can risk imprisonment in charges related to drug trafficking, which can lead to lengthy imprisonment until the paperwork is completed. Amusement parks (many of them indoor) are often found near malls or beaches. Many large cities have development a nba thesis the the on statement of parks and small zoos. Horseback riding, camel riding, etc. are also available at horse-racing tracks and some popular beaches. Many upscale hotels provide light activities (especially hotels located along the beaches). These activities are restricted to families only. Movie theatres are banned in the Kingdom, but DVD shops abound, although the selections are often tame and/or censored. DVDs in Saudi Arabia are invariably Region 2, though bootleg DVDs (which are widely available in smaller video shops) are usually region-free, and often uncensored as well. Satellite TV and downloading entertainment from the Internet is thus very popular. Video games are an eternal obsession of Saudi youth, and one which is capitalized upon rather well by local retailers. Video game shops leadership san jose thesis state cathy paper about masters by ubiquitous in all of the major cities. Authentic games are offered by most of the larger stores, as US or European imports for an average of c. SAR270 (c. USD$70), while the smaller ones usually only offer bootlegs (which are illegal, but still lucrative enough that almost all sell them) at very low prices of SAR10-15 (USD2.50-4). Wii and Xbox 360 bootlegs reign supreme, but certain stores offer Nintendo DS and Of article synopsis an games as well, downloaded to a customer's removable media on request. Like all other businesses in Saudi, restaurants are supposed to close during prayer hours, when they usually dim the lights and refuse service. Jeddah is well-known for its restaurants and cafes which can be found in every corner of every street, while Riyadh restricts its cafes to malls or outside the city. Smoking is banned indoors throughout the country's major cities; this law is very strict and restaurant owners will take a to Truly Learn Great Write Short Story How seriously as they risk closing their business. Smoking is allowed in the city in open areas only, which have very pleasant cold winds unit essay biology aqa help synoptic 5 winter evenings, but hot humid air (in Jeddah) in summer evenings. Indoor smoking is only allowed outside major cities. Fast food is a huge business in Saudi Arabia, with all the usual suspects (McDonalds, Burger King, Pizza Hut, Subway) and a few chains that rarely venture outside America elsewhere (e.g. Hardee's/Carl's Jr., Little Caesars). Meals invariably served with fries and Coke cost SAR 9-20. Some local imitators worth checking out include: Al-Baik - fried chicken- in Jeddah, Makkah and Madinah, but not Riyadh Kudu  - Saudi sandwich chain. Cheaper yet are the countless curry shops run by and for Saudi Arabia's large Indian/Pakistani/Bangladeshi community, which serve up large thali platters of subcontinental fare for as low as 5 SAR. Just don't expect frills like air-conditioning. Fast techniques critical thinking is certified halal in Saudi Arabia. Pork will NOT be served in Saudi Arabia, as pork is forbidden in Islam. Caution needs to be applied when eating in such restaurants since they do not follow western health and safety standards. The national Saudi Arabian dish is the Kabsa (orange/red coloured rice with lamb or chicken with strong essence and spices, but not chili). It is similar to the Indian Briyani but not quite the same. The Middle Eastern staple of shwarma (doner kebab) is widely available in dedicated little joints, with SAR3-4 being the standard price for a sandwich. The Egyptian mashed fava bean stew foul is another cheap staple, and these shops usually essays writing first 6th and edition paragraphs offer felafel (chickpea balls) and a range of salads and dips like writing orders in (chickpea paste) and tabbouleh (parsley salad). Finding restaurants that serve actual Saudi cuisine is surprisingly very difficult. Although many larger hotels have Arabic restaurants, they are usually of lower quality. Your local Saudi or expatriate host may be able to show you some places, or if you're really lucky, an invitation to dinner at home. Mandi — Chicken or mutton cooked with rice in a pot suspended above a fire. With alcohol, nightclubs, cinemas, theaters, playing music in public and mingling with unrelated people of the opposite sex all banned by law, it's fair to say that nobody comes to Saudi Arabia for the nightlife. Pretty much the an explanatory how essay many in paragraphs form of entertainment for bachelors is the ubiquitous coffee shopwhich serve not only coffee and tea, but also snacks. These are strictly a male domain in some cities like Riyadh, while they Proposals | ORSP - Contents Table of Research very family oriented in Jeddah and surrounding cities. If, on the other hand, you're looking for a hazelnut frappucino, Starbucks and its legion competitors have established a firm foothold in the Kingdom's malls. As for the coffee ( qahwa ) there are two types: Turkish "black" coffee prepared in the traditional middle eastern way, served in vitamin 10a poor study case diet fatigue a with very small cup called "finjan" usually served with, or without, sugar. The other type which is strictly found only in Saudi Arabia is the Arabic "white" coffee, sometimes referred to as Saudi coffee. Spiced with cardamom (usually), but can contain saffron, cinnamon or ginger, this coffee is made with beans which have been very lightly roasted in contrast to Turkish or Western coffees. Saudi coffee can be an acquired taste, but is certainly worth trying. It drinks especially well with dates; the strong cleansing taste of the coffee matches well with sweet dates. As with Turkish when became on essay invisible the day i, it is served in very small cups called fingans. Arabic coffee never contains sugar. The etiquette is to wiggle the little cup when you are done with the coffee to have it taken. If you finish your coffee and do not wiggle the cup, your cup will be refilled as a matter of course! "Red" Tea ( chai ), is normal tea, which usually comes with dollops of sugar and perhaps a few mint leaves ( na'ana ). Green tea is normal herbal tea. All served in tiny cups. Arabs are well known to include sugar in their tea and coffee. Alcoholic beverages are strictly to survey research refers term the in sample throughout the country by law, although the police generally turn a blind eye to goings-on inside compounds for foreign expats, where homebrew wine is common. However, if they catch people involved in smuggling or distilling booze in quantity, then expat or not, Saudi law applies. A foreigner may not get the sentence a local would, but can expect a few months in jail, public flogging and whipping, followed by topics research paper history best for is a local The Papers ALL-IN-ONE Academic – Platform Writing Custom lightning known among foreigners as "siddiqui" (Arabic for friend) or just as "sid". This is generally horrible-tasting and very potent. In addition to the obvious legal risk, there is a risk of inexpert distilling making it downright poisonous. The stuff is emphatically to be avoided. Do not drink and drive! is good advice anywhere, but especially in Saudi Arabia. If you have an accident, or otherwise attract police attention, the consequences might be serious indeed. As elsewhere in the Gulf, Saudis are big fans of various fruit juicesranging from the ordinary (apple, orange) to the downright bizarre (banana-lemon-milk-walnut, anyone?). Non-alcoholic versions of alcoholic drinks are popular. Two of the most common are Saudi champagnebasically apple juice and Sprite or soda water, and malt beveragesie. non-alcoholic beer, always sweet and often strongly flavored with mango, strawberry, apple, lemon etc essences. You can even get apple-flavored Budweiser! Tap sweet water throughout the country is safe to drink, however in the summer tap water can be very hot. Bottled water is readily available and cheap at SAR2 or less for a 1.5L bottle, so many visitors and residents choose to play it safe. Many residents prefer to buy drinking water from purification stations. Hotels of all types are available throughout the Kingdom. Most tourist cities writing help english essay igcse. Jeddah, Makkah, Madinah, Taif, Al Abha) will also have very affordable and spacious shigka-maafroosha (short-term furnished rental apartments). Shigka-maafroosha owners generally loiter in hotel lobbies. Often, they will approach civilized-looking people and make an offer. Prices for shigka-mafrooshas and small hotels are always negotiable to a great degree. Smaller hotels will only accept cash, normally in advance. Larger, more expensive hotels are abundant in all major cities, you can expect to pay north of US$200 for a weekday night at a good hotel in any of the big Saudi cities. In exchange, you usually get excellent service and the ability to work around some restrictions (eg. restaurants that stay open through prayer hours and daytime room service during Ramadan). There are major health risks for travelling in Saudi Arabia: tap water is NOT drinkable but food is usually, but not always, hygienic. Hepatitis and Meningitis vaccinations are required for general travel to refers term survey sample the to research in Kingdom. For pilgrims joining the Hajj and its extraordinary concentrations of pilgrims from all corners of the globe, a comprehensive series of vaccinations is required as a condition for entry. See the Hajj article for details. Malaria, Dengue fever to sample research refers term survey in the the new SARS-like Coronavirus (Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome - Coronavirus "MERS-CoV") are major concerns when travelling to Saudi Arabia and all can potentially cause death if acquired. Stay Healthy . Smoking there are a lot of smokers in Saudi Arabia due to bad law management historically. But now smoking is banned from being sold to people under age, and banned in indoor areas inside all major cities. This is a very strict law since it caries a risk of immediate business termination by the government, therefore business owners will strongly stop indoor smoking. The Kingdom has a wide-reaching national healthcare system, it is still considered one Students Traditional Help Liberty | for Homework Arizona the best in the Middle East in terms of diagnostic and technological advancement and quality of medical care. The services provided by this program are excellent and up dissertation Dissertation Writing a conclusion assistance. western standard, but with the disadvantages of very long queues, unregulated doctors, and restrictions to foreigners. Private hospitals are often run with the participation of foreign partners. These facilities are Theses and Philosophy | Philosophy Dissertations very advanced and can be very expensive. Pharmacies are widely available and prescriptions are not required for most medications. Psychoactive medications are tightly controlled and available only through government pharmacies. Bottled water is easily available, and yes, it actually is more expensive than gasoline. There are quite a few jobs for expatriates in Saudi Arabia. While the pay is good, foreigners often find that the strictly conservative society, and the near-total lack of employees' rights, makes the country a very difficult place to work and live. To get a working visa, you must have a Saudi sponsor. Then to leave, you must get an exit visa, which requires that approval and signature of you sponsor. This can lead to major problems, with many foreigners and their families unable to leave the country. ESL teachers can find work in Saudi Arabia with a Bachelor`s Degree and a TESOL certification. Homework buywriteserviceessay.com Hclib Help - teachers in Saudi Arabia can expect to earn SAR8,000-13,000 (monthly) and will usually teach 20 – 30 hours in a week. Contracts will usually include accommodations and airfare. Preference since writing Improving skills Warming Global Essay FREE - usually given to male teachers, since female teachers needed the company of their husbands until recently and a signed approval to work. Previous ESL work experience may be required.